Legislative instrument details: UNCED Agenda 21

Legal name Agenda 21
Short name UNCED Agenda 21
CELEX reference
Identification number
Issued by United Nations
URL to issuer http://www.un.org
Parent legislative instrument
Valid from 14/06/1992
Abstract Agenda 21 is a non-binding blueprint and action plan for a global partnership for sustainable development. Taken together, the forty chapters of Agenda 21 constitute the framework for international law in the field of sustainable development. It comprises a Preamble and four Sections: Social and Economic Dimensions; Conservation and Management of Resources for Development; Strengthening the Role of Major Groups; and Means of Implementation. It covers an extensive series of programme areas setting out the basis for action, objectives, activities and means of implementation, and recommended the creation of the Commission on Sustainable Development, which was created in December 1992 to ensure effective follow-up of United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). The Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD) is a functional commission of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Its role includes: 1) to review progress at the international, regional and national levels in the implementation of recommendations and commitments contained in Agenda 21; 2) to elaborate policy guidance and options for future activities to achieve sustainable development; and 3) to promote dialogue and build partnerships for sustainable development with governments, the international community and major groups identified in Agenda 21.
Reporting framework
Reporting obligations
Geographic scope Worldwide
Comments The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) was held in 1992. The Earth Summit, as UNCED was also known, was convened to address urgent problems of environmental protection and socio-economic development. The assembled leaders signed the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity, endorsed the Rio Declaration and the Forest Principles, and adopted Agenda 21. A five-year review of progress following UNCED took place in 1997 by the United Nations General Assembly meeting in special session, followed in 2002 by a ten-year review by the World Summit on Sustainable Development.