Legislative instrument details: Barcelona Convention

Classification
Legal name Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean
Short name Barcelona Convention
CELEX reference
Identification number
Issued by Coordinating Unit for the Mediterranean Action Plan
URL to issuer http://www.unepmap.org/index.php?module=...
Parent legislative instrument
Valid from 09/07/2004
Abstract The Barcelona Convention obliges the Contracting Parties generally to take all appropriate measures to prevent, abate, combat and to the fullest possible extent eliminate pollution of the Mediterranean Sea Area caused by dumping from ships and aircraft or incineration at sea, discharges from ships,
exploration and exploitation of the continental shelf and the sea bed and its subsoil, land-based sources and transboundary movements and disposal of hazardous wastes.
The Contracting Parties shall also protect and enhance the marine environment in that Area including conservation of biological diversity so as to contribute towards its sustainable development.
International co-operation is to be undertaken in dealing with pollution emergencies, in the monitoring of pollution, and in scientific and technical matters.

Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution, amended as Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean, was adopted in 1976 (CELEX reference: 21976A0216(01)). The original Barcelona Convention entered into force on 12 February 1978 and has been modified by amendments adopted in 1995.
Reporting framework
Reporting obligations
DG Env review of reporting theme Noise
Comments Several Protocols to the Barcelona Convention have been adopted:
-Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean ('SPA & Biodiversity Protocol')(replacing the Protocol concerning Mediterranean Specially Protected Areas ('SPA Protocol')).
-The Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft ('Dumping Protocol'), amended as The Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft or Incineration at Sea.
-Protocol concerning Co-operation in Preventing Pollution from Ships and, in Cases of Emergency, Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea ('Prevention and Emergency Protocol') (replacing Protocol Concerning Co-operation in Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency ('Emergency Protocol')).
-Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution from Land-based Sources, amended as The Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities ('LBS Protocol').
-Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed and its Subsoil ('Offshore Protocol').
-Protocol on the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal ('Hazardous Wastes Protocol').
-Protocol on Integrated Coastal Zone Management ('ICZM Protocol').
The amended 'Dumping Protocol', 'Offshore Protocol' and 'ICZM Protocol'have not yet entered into force.

The Mediterranean Action Plan, together with the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols, form part of the UNEP Regional Seas Programme.
EC entry into force 16/03/1978
EC accession 15/04/1978
Convention secretariat Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) Co-ordinating Unit (MEDU)