|Legal name||United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change|
|Issued by||United Nations|
|URL to issuer||http://unfccc.int/|
|Parent legislative instrument|
The Climate Change Convention entered into force on 21 March 1994.
Adopted in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, most members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) plus the states of Central and Eastern Europe - known collectively as Annex I countries - are committed to adopting policies and measures aimed at returning their greenhouse-gas emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2000. All Parties develop and submit "national communications" containing inventories of greenhouse gas emissions by source and greenhouse gas removals by sinks.
The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was adopted by consensus at the third session of the Conference of the Parties (COP-3) in December 1997, it contains new emissions targets developed countries. They commit themselves to reduce their collective emissions of six key greenhouse gases by at least 5%. Each country's emissions target must be achieved by the period 2008-2012. Cuts in the three most important gases - carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N20) - will be measured against a base year of 1990. Cuts in three long-lived industrial gases - hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) - can be measured against either a 1990 or 1995 baseline.
The EU signed the Convention on 13/06/1992 and approved it on 21/12/1993.
The Council decided to approve the Convention on 15/12/1993 (94/69/EC: Council Decision of 15 December 1993 concerning the conclusion of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change).
Full reference: United Nations, Treaty Series , vol. 1771, p. 107; and depositary notifications C.N.148.1993.TREATIES-4 of 12 July 1993 (procès-verbal of rectification of the original texts of the Convention)
|EC entry into force||15/12/1993|